Keika Hasegawa (active 1892 – 1905)
In Japan, the chrysanthemum, or kiku, is not just a beautiful flower, but the symbol of the sun, perfection, long life, power and nobility. It is the official flower of Japan and the seal of the Imperial family of Japan, as well as the insignia on every Japanese passport. The Emperor, representative of the oldest continuing hereditary monarchy in the world, rules from the Chrysanthemum Throne, symbol of the state and the unity of the people.
Artist Keika Hasegawa translated the graceful beauty of the flowers to the page in One Hundred Chrysanthemums, printed in 1893. Each delicately-colored woodblock print features a perfect bloom balanced atop a long single-stemmed plant. In life, cultivated through the art of ogiku (“single stem”), these plants can reach six feet tall with enormous blossoms the size of softballs.
Chrysanthemums came to Japan from china around the 8th century A.D., and the Emperor adopted the 16-petaled flower, or Ichimonjiginu, as the crest and official seal. Each fall during the “Festival of Happiness,” cascades of chrysanthemums decorate temples throughout Japan. Kiku cultivation reached perfection in the 19th century, when Hasegawa created his prints.
Today, Chrysanthemum Festivals are held throughout Japan in October and November. Prominent in the festivities include large exhibits of chrysanthemums in pots, carefully cultivated all year, that are of a size and magnificence rarely seen in the West.